The idea came from the ancient Greeks who combined the words demos people and krates rule to create the term. The term was coined during a period in Greek history when the city of Athens experimented with a form of government in which all citizens, rather than one king or a small group of wealthy men, made the laws of their state.
Posted on March 28, by Guardian Sourced from Wikipedia at http: Other Greek cities set up democracies, following the Athenian model. It remains an intriguing experiment in direct democracy were the people do not elect representatives to vote on their behalf but directly vote on legislation and executive bills prepared by the Council of Participation was by no means open to all inhabitants of Attica, but the group of participants was constituted with no reference to economic class.
Council of The council boule ofthe largest board of officeholders, was responsible for drafting preparatory legislation probouleuma for consideration by the assembly, overseeing the meetings of the assembly, and in certain cases executing legislation as directed by the assembly.
The were selected by a lottery, held each year among the men over thirty years of age.
A citizen could serve on the council twice in his lifetime. In early Athens as in other Greek states the assembly could only vote up or down on a probouleuma prepared by the Council ofbut by the mid 5th century it had acquired the power to alter and rework the proposals as it saw fit; still, even in the heyday of radical democracy, complex proposals from the boule were known to pass through the assembly all but untouched, indicating the important role that the body played in shaping legislation.
The presidency of the boule rotated monthly amongst the delegations from the ten tribes, of the Boule.A brief history of democracy and its benefits, Introduction to democracy, Potentials of democracy, SOSE, Year 9, NSW Introduction Democracy means people-power or rule by the people.
The idea came from the ancient Greeks who combined the words demos (people) and krates (rule) to create the term.
The Athenian institution of democracy emerged in several stages. This occurred in response to political, social, and economic conditions. As was true elsewhere in the Greek world, the individual city-state (polis) of Athens had once been ruled by kings, but that had given way to an oligarchic government by archons elected from the aristocratic .
Athenian democracy took the form of a direct democracy, and it had two distinguishing features: the random selection of ordinary citizens to fill the few existing government administrative and judicial offices, and a legislative assembly consisting of all Athenian .
Democracy is more a Utopian aspiration rather than a concrete description of any government. A common understanding of democracy, often applied to unworthy situations, is simply that the masses will govern themselves. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, and is often described as the first known democracy in the world.
Other Greek cities set up democracies, most following the Athenian model, but none are as well documented as Athens's. The democracy of Athens did not occur overnight but developed through many types of government.
The democracy that we know today traveled from a monarchy through an oligarchy through tyranny and eventually made its way to the classical form of Athenian democracy.