Henry iv part 1 by shakespeare essay

Although it cannot be classified as a source per se, it is clear that Shakespeare also relied upon the doctrine of Niccolo Machiavellias found in his masterpiece, The Prince. The changes that Shakespeare made reflect a theme common throughout all his history plays:

Henry iv part 1 by shakespeare essay

As his brothers, the Dukes of Bedford and Gloucesterand his uncle, the Duke of Exeterlament his passing and express doubt as to whether his son the as yet uncrowned heir apparent Henry VI is capable of running the country in such tumultuous times, word arrives of military setbacks in France.

A rebellionled by the Dauphin Charles, is gaining momentum, and several major towns have already been lost. Additionally, Lord Talbot, Constable of France, has been captured. Realising a critical time is at hand, Bedford immediately prepares himself to head to France and take command of the army, Gloucester remains in charge in England, and Exeter sets out to prepare young Henry for his forthcoming coronation.

Charles summons the woman, Joan la Pucelle, i. To test her resolve, he challenges her to single combat. Upon her victory, he immediately places her in command of the army.

Outside the city, the newly arrived Bedford negotiates the release of Talbot, but immediately, Joan launches an attack. The French forces win, forcing the English back, but Talbot and Bedford engineer a sneak attack on the city, and gain a foothold within the walls, causing the French leaders to flee.

Back in England, a petty quarrel between Richard Plantagenet and the Duke of Somerset has expanded to involve the whole court. Richard and Somerset ask their fellow nobles to pledge allegiance to one of them, and as such the lords select either red or white roses to indicate the side they are on.

Richard then goes to see his uncle, Edmund Mortimer, imprisoned in the Tower of London. Mortimer tells Richard the history of their family's conflict with the king's family—how they helped Henry Bolingbroke seize power from Richard IIbut were then shoved into the background; and how Henry V had Richard's father Richard of Conisburgh executed and his family stripped of all its lands and monies.

Mortimer also tells Richard that he himself is the rightful heir to the throne, and that when he dies, Richard will be the true heir, not Henry. Amazed at these revelations, Richard determines to attain his birthright, and vows to have his family's dukedom restored.

After Mortimer dies, Richard presents his petition to the recently crowned Henry, who agrees to reinstate the Plantagenet's title, making Richard 3rd Duke of York. In France, within a matter of hours, the French retake and then lose the city of Rouen.

After the battle, Bedford dies, and Talbot assumes direct command of the army. The Dauphin is horrified at the loss of Rouen, but Joan tells him not to worry. She then persuades the powerful Duke of Burgundywho had been fighting for the English, to switch sides, and join the French.

Meanwhile, Henry arrives in Paris and upon learning of Burgundy's betrayal, he sends Talbot to speak with him.

Saavedra, Angel de, duque de Rivas

Henry then pleads for Richard and Somerset to put aside their conflict, and, unaware of the implications of his actions, he chooses a red rose, symbolically aligning himself with Somerset and alienating Richard. Prior to returning to England, in an effort to secure peace between Somerset and Richard, Henry places Richard in command of the infantry and Somerset in command of the cavalry.

Meanwhile, Talbot approaches Bordeauxbut the French army swings around and traps him.

Henry iv part 1 by shakespeare essay

Talbot sends word for reinforcements, but the conflict between Richard and Somerset leads them to second guess one another, and neither of them send any, both blaming the other for the mix-up.

The English army is subsequently destroyed, and both Talbot and his son are killed. The French listen to the English terms, under which Charles is to be a viceroy to Henry and reluctantly agree, but only with the intention of breaking their oath at a later date and expelling the English from France.

Meanwhile, the Earl of Suffolk has captured a young French princess, Margaret of Anjouwhom he intends to marry to Henry in order that he can dominate the king through her. Travelling back to England, he attempts to persuade Henry to marry Margaret. Gloucester advises Henry against the marriage, as Margaret's family is not rich and the marriage would not be advantageous to his position as king.

But Henry is taken in by Suffolk's description of Margaret's beauty, and he agrees to the proposal. Suffolk then heads back to France to bring Margaret to England as Gloucester worryingly ponders what the future may hold.

Also, as with most of Shakespeare's chronicle histories, Raphael Holinshed 's Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland ; 2nd edition was also consulted.

Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part I Sources

However, there are enough differences between Hall and Holinshed to establish that Shakespeare must have consulted both of them. For example, Shakespeare must have used Hall for the scene where Gloucester is attempting to gain access to the Tower, and Woodville tells him that the order not to admit anyone came from Winchester.

Only in Hall is there any indication that Henry V had a problem with Winchester. In Holinshed, there is nothing to suggest any disagreement or conflict between them.

In the play, he dies immediately, and the rest of the scene focuses on the death of the more senior soldier Salisbury. Likewise, in Hall, Gargrave dies immediately after the attack.Further Study. Test your knowledge of Henry VI Part 1 with our quizzes and study questions, or go further with essays on the context and background and links to the best resources around the web.

An Analysis of Shakespeare's 'Henry IV Part 1' Words | 6 Pages.

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realistic in today's general society, the heart of each play retains much in terms of human relationships, central conflicts, and humor. 1 Henry IV: Sources. Shakespeare relied heavily upon Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland (2nd edition, ) in constructing Henry IV, Part rutadeltambor.com Furness Shakespeare Library has an online facsimile of the Chronicles (Henry IV), and, in particular Holinshed's account of Henry rutadeltambor.com Shakespeare also used the epic poem The Civil Wars Between the Two Houses of York and.

Henry IV, Part I: Essay Topics 1) Some argue that honor is the central theme of the play. Do you agree, and, if so, why? 2) Discuss the development of the comedic subplot and how it relates to the overall play. 3) Analyze the complex character of Prince Hal.

What are his intentions? What are his motives? To discuss fully this topic you can and should make reference to Hal as we find him in. Henry IV Part 1 William Shakespeare Henry IV Part 1 literature essays are academic essays for citation.

These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Henry IV Part 1. Passage Analysis - Act 5 Scene 1, lines Shakespeare's King Henry IV Part I' centres on a core theme of the conflict between order and disorder.

Henry IV Part 1 Essay Topics