Ella Thompson 23 February, Now that you have been assigned to write a compare and contrast essay, you must at first learn the basics of what such an essay usually entails. A compare and contrast essay is one of the most common forms of essay writing assignments for students.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Psychologists try to delve into the basic functions of a person and animals cerebral activity.
This usually involves studying relationships, emotions, personality and many more areas of a person or animals day to day life.
Psychology tends to steer towards finding reasons for a person or animals actions in an attempt to resolve them. There are many different sub — fields of psychology, however it is possible to draw similarities and differences to all aspects of these fields.
The main fields deal with the different approaches used by various psychologists throughout history. In this instance, it is possible for me to discuss Behaviourism and Psychodynamic approaches. One of the main psychologists in recent history is John B.
Watson — Watson was responsible for creating Behaviourism by developing on theories discovered by earlier psychologist Pavlov — This phenomenon had a profound effect on how psychology developed. The General assumptions of the Behaviourist approach show that it relies on the study of objective and observable behaviours and does not take into consideration any internal thoughts or feelings.
The Psychodynamic approach is a stark contrast. This approach was developed by Freud — in the s in Vienna and looks at the internal conflicts within a subjects unconscious mind to create theories on the subjects personality development.
It also allows treatment for psychological disorders based on these theories. In effect, Behaviourism and Pychodynamic approaches are polar opposites of each other in the techniques that they use to draw their conclusions.
However, they do have one main similarity in the fact that they both draw on past experiences of the subject to define how they are as an adult, but they do this in very different ways. Behaviourism relies on the Stimulus-Response principle which consists of using an object to create a reaction.
A good example of this is Pavlovs Classical Conditioning theory that we learn through association. Pavlov influenced Watson with his experiment using dogs. Pavlov learnt that when a dog sees food as a Stimulus it has the natural response to salivate to prepare its body for food.
Pavlov decided to expand on this knowledge by training a dog to see a bell as a Stimulus. In comparison, Freud managed to draw his conclusions by discovering that all behaviour is motivated by two basic inner drives: The natural urge to procreate which is known as The Eros, and the natural urge to destroy which is known as the Thanatos.
Freud also delved deeper into the mind unlike Watson, to discover that our subconscious is split into 3 parts. Freud also discovered that our adult personalities are defined by five psychosexual experiences that we experience as children.We will write a custom essay sample on Compare and Contrast of Different Cultural Approaches specifically for you for only $ $/page.
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Sample topics, paragraph introduction help, research & more. Class , high school & college. A compare and contrast essay is a form of academic writing that is built around an examination of at least two items. There are two kinds of compare and contrast essays: one where you focus more on the similarities of chosen items, and one that contrasts.
A comparison and contrast essay focuses on the similarities and differences between two or more ideas or items.
The goals of a compare and contrast essay are varied. two descriptive passages and wrote a compare-contrast essay.
Instructional Approaches to Improving Students’ Writing (e.g., two psychology theories). Expository writ-ing tasks are often used to assess students’ understanding of these processes. Writing expository text is an important part of academic learning (Englert &. Compare, Contrast and Evaluate the Sociological Perspectives on the Ro Examine the role of processes in schools in producing different educational achievement among pupils .